Grammar – Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech
In the English language, words can be considered as the smallest elements that have distinctive meanings. They are categorized into eight major parts of speech according to the work they do in a sentence.
1. Noun
This part of a speech refers to words that are used to name persons, things, animals, places, ideas, or events. For example: man, book, gold, India, country, sweetness, honesty, air, etc.
Sample Sentences:
1. She is a girl of tender age.
2. He walked with firm steps.
3. Justice is a noble quality.
4. Iron is the most useful metal.

2. Pronoun
A pronoun is a part of a speech which functions as a replacement for a noun. For example: I, it, he, she, mine, his, hers, we, they, theirs, and ours.
Sample Sentences:
1. I met him on the way.
2. He did it in a careless manner.
3 Come as soon as you can.
4. It is raining hard.

3. Adjective
This part of a speech is used to describe a noun or a pronoun. Adjectives can specify the quality, the size, and the number of nouns or pronouns. For example: good, dark, little, present, dirty, intelligent, etc.
Sample Sentences:
1. The jury consists of four men.
2. Gold is a valuable metal.
3. India is a very large country.
4. Honesty is the best policy.
4. Verb
This is the most important part of a speech, for without a verb, a sentence would not exist. This is a word that shows an action (physical or mental) or state of being of the subject in a sentence. For example: am, is, was, are, were, has, have, had, walk, drink, play, remember, etc.
Sample Sentences:
1. Barking dogs seldom bite.
2. Nobody loves a bad boy.
3. John has a big house.
4. He speaks fluently.
5. Adverb
Just like adjectives, adverbs are also used to describe words, but the difference is that adverbs describe adjectives, verbs, or another adverb. For example:
Sample Sentences:
1. Annie danced gracefully. (The word “gracefully” tells how Annie danced.)
2. She came yesterday. (The word “yesterday” tells when she “came.”)
3. Of course, I looked everywhere! (The adverb “everywhere” tells where I “looked.”)
The child is very talented. (The adverb “very” tells “To what degree is the child talented?”
6. Preposition
This part of a speech basically refers to words that specify location or a location in time.
For example: of, in, to, above, below, throughout, outside, before, near, since, etc.
Sample Sentences:
1. Muktesh is hiding under the bed.
2. The old woman begged me forhelp.
3. He came to me.
4. She is in the garden.
7. Conjunction
The conjunction is a part of a speech which joins words, phrases, or clauses together.
For example:  and, yet, but, for, nor, or, so, as, etc.
Sample Sentences:
1. This cup of tea is delicious andvery soothing.
2. Kiran has to start all over again because she didn’t follow the professor’s instructions.
3. Homer always wanted to join the play, buthe didn’t have the guts to audition.
4. As he was ill, he did not go to school.
8. Interjection
This part of a speech refers to words which express emotions. Since interjections are commonly used to convey strong emotions, they are usually followed by an exclamation point. For example: Alas, Hark, bravo, ouch, hurrah, hey, etc.
Sample Sentences:
1. Ouch! That must have hurt.
2. Hurrah, we won!
3. Hey! I said enough!

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