Grammar – Sentences


A group of words that makes a complete sense or expresses a complete idea, is called a sentence. For Example:
(a) John came to me for help.
(b) May you live long!
(c) Go there immediately.
(d) Who will receive the guests at the station?
Characteristic Features of a Sentence
(a) A sentence begins with capital letter.
(b) A sentence ends with a full stop/ question mark/ exclamation mark.
Kinds of sentences
There are five kinds of sentences.
1. Assertive or Declarative Sentence

The sentences that make simple statements or assertions are called Assertive or Declarative sentences. For example:

(a) They attend classes regularly.
(b) I go to Jaipur with my friends.
2. Interrogative Sentence

The sentences that ask questions are called interrogative sentences. For example:
(a) What do you think about this problem?
(b) Did you see my book?
3. Imperative Sentence

The sentences that express commands, advice, requests, warnings etc. are called imperative sentences. For example:

(a) Close the door.   (Order)
(b) Please submit my form.   (Request)

(c) Consult the doctor.    (Advice)
(d) Don’t travel alone.    (Warning)
4. Exclamatory Sentence

The sentences that express sudden strong feelings or emotions (surprise, joy, sorrow, appreciation, love excitement, frustration, anger etc.) are called exclamatory sentences. For example:

(a) Oh, could I be there!
(b) How nicely he plays!
(c) Alas, he is no more !
(d) Hurrah! You won the race!
5. Optative Sentence

The sentences that express wishes, are called Optative sentences. For example:
(a) May he live long.
(b) May he not suffer.

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