In physical education, tests and measurements are the instruments for getting necessary details of sportspersons such as their needs, capacities, abilities and attitudes. It is very important particularly for the sportspersons to set the objectives which they want to fulfill in physical education and sports programme. It is also important to determine whether or not the objectives have been achieved. In physical education tests are used to collect information or data about a specific skill, strength, endurance,
Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 Mark)
Q1. What do you mean by muscular strength?
Q2. What do you mean by flexibility?
Q3. What is Kraus-Weber test?
Q4. What is Rockport one mile test?
Q5. What do you mean by motor fitness?
Q6. What do you mean by cardiovascular fitness?
Q7. What do you mean by Harvard Step Test?
Q8. What do you mean by Senior Citizen Fitness Test?
Short Answer Type Questions (3 Marks)
Q1. What do you mean by test and measurement?
Tests are used to collect information or data about a specific skill, strength, endurance, knowledge, behaviour or attitude etc.
Measurements are related to physical measurements such as size, height, weight, vital capacity and achievements etc. Indeed, measurement refers to the process of administrating a test to obtain a quantitative data.
Q2. Give the names of the tests design by Riklar
(ì) Chair stand test for lower body strength.
(ii) Arm curl test for upper body strength and endurance.
(iii) Chair sit and reach test for lower body flexibility.
(iv) Back scratch test for upper body flexibility.
(V) Eight foot up and go test for coordination and agility.
(vi) Six minute walk test for aerobic fitness and endurance.
Q3. Describe the purpose and procedure of six minute walk test for aerobic endurance.
Q4. Discuss any two tests of Kraus-Weber tests.
2. Test No. 2: The lying position for this test remains same i.e. in supine position except that his knees are bent and ankles remain in touch with his buttocks. He is asked to perform one sit-up. If he is able to perform full sit-up, he passes this test. If he is unable to raise his shoulders from the tables or ground, he gets zero.
Q5. What parts of the body do each of the Kraus Weber tests of fitness test?
Test 1 tests the strength of the abdominal and psoas muscles.
Test 2 tests the strength of the abdominal muscles.
Test 3 tests the strength of the psoas muscles.
Test 4 tests the strength of the upper back.
Test 5 tests the strength of the lower back.
Test 6 tests the strength of the back and hamstring muscles.
Q6. Briefly explain about muscular strength.
It is also essential for maintaining good posture, avoiding injuries and remaining independent specially in old age. It can be measured with the help of Kraus - Weber Test.
Q7. Briefly explain about skinfold measurements.
Q8. Discuss cardiovascular fitness in brief.
Q9. What is the usefulness of back scratch test for senior citizens?
Q1. What do
Q2. Explain the three tests of Kraus-Weber Test.
Ans. 1. Test No. 1:
Q3. Explain the Rockport one mile Test.
Q4. Explain in brief the Harvard Step Test.
Q5. Discuss the Back Scratch Test for upper body flexibility.
Q6. Explain Sit and Reach Test in brief.
Q7. Explain the Ann Curl Test for upper body strength for senior citizens.
(a) The subject sits on the chair holding the weight (8 pounds for men / 5 pounds for women) in the hand
(b) The upper arm is placed against the body so that only the lower arm is moving (the tester may assist
(c) The subject curls the arm up through a full range of motion, gradually turning the palm up (flexion
(d) Then the arm is lowered through the full range of motion, gradually return to the starting position.
(e) Repeat this action as many times as possible within 30 sec.