CBSE Class-12 Physical Education Syllabus

Physical Education (Theory)


Class XII

One Paper: Three HoursMax. Marks: 70


Allocation of Marks






Unit 1 – Unit 12

1 Mark

3 Mark

5 Mark

Total Questions (26)

11 Questions

08 Questions

07 Questions



Unit 1 -Planning in Sports


  • Meaning and Objectives of Planning

  • Various Committees and their Responsibilities

  • Tournament - Knock-out, League or Round Robin and Combination

  • Procedure to Draw Fixtures - Knock-out (Bye and Seeding) and League (Staircase and Cyclic)

  • Intramural and Extramural - Meaning, Objectives and its Significance

  • Specific Sports Programme (Sports Day, Health Run, Run for Fun, Run for Specific Cause and Run for Unity)


Unit 2 – Adventure Sports & Leadership Training


  • Meaning and Objectives of Adventure Sports

  • Types of Activities - Camping, Rock Climbing, Trekking, River Rafting and Mountaineering

  • Material Requirement and Safety Measures

  • Identification and Use of Natural Resources

  • Conservation of Surroundings

  • Creating Leaders through Physical Education


Unit 3 – Sports and Nutrition


  • Balanced Diet and Nutrition : Macro and Micro Nutrients

  • Nutritive and Non-Nutritive Components of Diet

  • Eating Disorders - Anorexia Nervosa and Bulemia

  • Effects of Diet on Performance

  • Eating for Weight Control - A Healthy Weight, The Pitfalls of Dieting, Food Intolerance and Food myths.

  • Sports Nutrition (fluid& meal intake, pre, during & post competition)


Unit 4 – Postures


  • Concept of Correct Postures - Standing and Sitting

  • Advantages of Correct Posture

  • Causes of Bad Posture

  • Common Postural Deformities - Knock Knee; Flat foot; Round Shoulders; Lordosis, Kyphosis, Bow Legs and Scoliosis

  • Physical Activities as Corrective Measures


Unit 5 – Children and Sports


  • Motor Development in Children

  • Factors Affecting Motor Development

  • Physical and Physiological benefits of Exercise on Children

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Weight Training and Food Supplement for Children

  • Activities and Quality of Life


Unit 6 – Women and Sports


  • Sports Participation of Women in India

  • Special Considerations (Menarch, Menstrual Disfunction,​​ Pregnancy, Menopause)

  • Female Athletes Triad (Anemia, Osteoporosis & Amenoria)

  • Psychological Aspects of Women Athlete

  • Sociological Aspects of Sports Participation

  • Ideology


Unit 7 – Test and Measurement in Sports


  • Measurement of Muscular Strength - Kraus-Weber Test

  • Motor Fitness Test - AAHPER

  • Measurement of Cardiovascular Fitness - Harvard Step/ Rockport Test

  • Measurement of Flexibility - Sit and Reach Test

  • Rikli and Jones - Senior Citizen Fitness Test


  • Chair Stand Test for Lower Body Strength

  • Arm Curl Test for Upper Body Strength

  • Chair Sit and Reach test for lower body flexibility

  • Back Scratch test for Upper body Flexibility

  • Eight foot Up and Go test for Agility

  • Six minute walk test for Aerobic Endurance


Unit 8 – Physiology and Sports


  • Gender Difference in Physical & Physiological Parameters

  • Physiological Factors Deternining Components of Physical Fitness

  • Effect of Exercise on Cardio-Vascular System

  • Effect of Exercise on Respiratory System

  • Effect of Exercise on Muscular System

  • Physiological Changes due to Ageing

  • Role of Physical activity maintaining Functional Fitness in Aged Population


Unit 9 – Sports Medicine


  • Concept and Definition

  • Aims and Scope of Sports Medicine

  • Impact of Surface and Environment on Athletes

  • Sports Injuries : Classification, Causes and​​ Prevention

  • Management of Injuries :


  • Soft Tissue Injuries :​​ Abrasion, Contusion, Laceration, Incision, Sprain and Strain

  • Bone and Joint Injuries :​​ Dislocation, Fractures : Stress Fracture, Green Stick, Communated,​​ Transverse Oblique and Impacted


Unit 10 – Biomechanics and Sports


  • Projectile and​​ Factors Affecting Projectile Trajectory

  • Angular and Linear Movements

  • Introduction to Work, Power and Energy

  • Friction

  • Mechanical Analysis of Walking and Running


Unit 11 – Psychology and Sports​​ 


  • Understanding Stress Anxiety and its Management

  • Coping Strategies - Problem Focused and Emotional Focused

  • Personality, Its Dimensions and Types ; Sole of Sports in Personality Development

  • Motivation, Its Types and Techniques

  • Self-esteem and Body Image

  • Psychological Benefits of Exercise


Unit 12 – Training in Sport


  • Strength - Definition, Types and Methods of Improving Strength - Isometric, Isotonic​​ and Isokinetic

  • Endurance - Definition, Types and Methods to Develop Endurance - Continuous Training, Interval Training and Fartlek Training

  • Speed - Definition, Types and Methods to develop Speed - Acceleration run and Pace run

  • Flexibility - Definition, Types and Methods to Improve Flexibility

  • Coordinative Abilities - Definition and Types



Physical Education (Practical)


Class XII

PracticalMax. Marks:​​ 30


1.​​ Physical Fitness—AAHPER

2.​​ Athletics—Middle and Long Distance Runs and Throws

(The events being opted must be other than from those administered under Physical Fitness Test)

3.​​ Health and Fitness Activities—Asanas/Swiss Ball/Plyometrics/Aerobics (Any one)

4.​​ Skill of any one Team Game​​ of choice from the given list

(Athletics, Basketball, Football, Handball, Hockey, Kho-Kho and Volleyball.)

5.​​ Viva

6.​​ Record File​​ 

(a)​​ Write benefits of Asanas, Swiss Ball and Plyometrics.

(b)​​ Measure Resting Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate of ten members from family for neighbourhood for three weeks and show graphical representation of the data.

(c)​​ Draw a neat diagram of the Field/Court of any one Game of choice. Write its History, Rules and Regulations, Terminologies and Important Tournaments.

















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