CBSE Class-12 Physical Education Syllabus

Physical Education (Theory)


Class XII

One Paper: Three HoursMax. Marks: 70


Allocation of Marks






Unit 1 – Unit 12

1 Mark

3 Mark

5 Mark

Total Questions (26)

11 Questions

08 Questions

07 Questions



Unit 1 -Planning in Sports


  • Meaning and Objectives of Planning

  • Various Committees and their Responsibilities

  • Tournament - Knock-out, League or Round Robin and Combination

  • Procedure to Draw Fixtures - Knock-out (Bye and Seeding) and League (Staircase and Cyclic)

  • Intramural and Extramural - Meaning, Objectives and its Significance

  • Specific Sports Programme (Sports Day, Health Run, Run for Fun, Run for Specific Cause and Run for Unity)


Unit 2 – Adventure Sports & Leadership Training


  • Meaning and Objectives of Adventure Sports

  • Types of Activities - Camping, Rock Climbing, Trekking, River Rafting and Mountaineering

  • Material Requirement and Safety Measures

  • Identification and Use of Natural Resources

  • Conservation of Surroundings

  • Creating Leaders through Physical Education


Unit 3 – Sports and Nutrition


  • Balanced Diet and Nutrition : Macro and Micro Nutrients

  • Nutritive and Non-Nutritive Components of Diet

  • Eating Disorders - Anorexia Nervosa and Bulemia

  • Effects of Diet on Performance

  • Eating for Weight Control - A Healthy Weight, The Pitfalls of Dieting, Food Intolerance and Food myths.

  • Sports Nutrition (fluid& meal intake, pre, during & post competition)


Unit 4 – Postures


  • Concept of Correct Postures - Standing and Sitting

  • Advantages of Correct Posture

  • Causes of Bad Posture

  • Common Postural Deformities - Knock Knee; Flat foot; Round Shoulders; Lordosis, Kyphosis, Bow Legs and Scoliosis

  • Physical Activities as Corrective Measures


Unit 5 – Children and Sports


  • Motor Development in Children

  • Factors Affecting Motor Development

  • Physical and Physiological benefits of Exercise on Children

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Weight Training and Food Supplement for Children

  • Activities and Quality of Life


Unit 6 – Women and Sports


  • Sports Participation of Women in India

  • Special Considerations (Menarch, Menstrual Disfunction, Pregnancy, Menopause)

  • Female Athletes Triad (Anemia, Osteoporosis & Amenoria)

  • Psychological Aspects of Women Athlete

  • Sociological Aspects of Sports Participation

  • Ideology


Unit 7 – Test and Measurement in Sports


  • Measurement of Muscular Strength - Kraus-Weber Test

  • Motor Fitness Test - AAHPER

  • Measurement of Cardiovascular Fitness - Harvard Step/ Rockport Test

  • Measurement of Flexibility - Sit and Reach Test

  • Rikli and Jones - Senior Citizen Fitness Test


  • Chair Stand Test for Lower Body Strength

  • Arm Curl Test for Upper Body Strength

  • Chair Sit and Reach test for lower body flexibility

  • Back Scratch test for Upper body Flexibility

  • Eight foot Up and Go test for Agility

  • Six minute walk test for Aerobic Endurance


Unit 8 – Physiology and Sports


  • Gender Difference in Physical & Physiological Parameters

  • Physiological Factors Deternining Components of Physical Fitness

  • Effect of Exercise on Cardio-Vascular System

  • Effect of Exercise on Respiratory System

  • Effect of Exercise on Muscular System

  • Physiological Changes due to Ageing

  • Role of Physical activity maintaining Functional Fitness in Aged Population


Unit 9 – Sports Medicine


  • Concept and Definition

  • Aims and Scope of Sports Medicine

  • Impact of Surface and Environment on Athletes

  • Sports Injuries : Classification, Causes and Prevention

  • Management of Injuries :


  • Soft Tissue Injuries : Abrasion, Contusion, Laceration, Incision, Sprain and Strain

  • Bone and Joint Injuries : Dislocation, Fractures : Stress Fracture, Green Stick, Communated, Transverse Oblique and Impacted


Unit 10 – Biomechanics and Sports


  • Projectile and Factors Affecting Projectile Trajectory

  • Angular and Linear Movements

  • Introduction to Work, Power and Energy

  • Friction

  • Mechanical Analysis of Walking and Running


Unit 11 – Psychology and Sports 


  • Understanding Stress Anxiety and its Management

  • Coping Strategies - Problem Focused and Emotional Focused

  • Personality, Its Dimensions and Types ; Sole of Sports in Personality Development

  • Motivation, Its Types and Techniques

  • Self-esteem and Body Image

  • Psychological Benefits of Exercise


Unit 12 – Training in Sport


  • Strength - Definition, Types and Methods of Improving Strength - Isometric, Isotonic and Isokinetic

  • Endurance - Definition, Types and Methods to Develop Endurance - Continuous Training, Interval Training and Fartlek Training

  • Speed - Definition, Types and Methods to develop Speed - Acceleration run and Pace run

  • Flexibility - Definition, Types and Methods to Improve Flexibility

  • Coordinative Abilities - Definition and Types



Physical Education (Practical)


Class XII

PracticalMax. Marks: 30


1. Physical Fitness—AAHPER

2. Athletics—Middle and Long Distance Runs and Throws

(The events being opted must be other than from those administered under Physical Fitness Test)

3. Health and Fitness Activities—Asanas/Swiss Ball/Plyometrics/Aerobics (Any one)

4. Skill of any one Team Game of choice from the given list

(Athletics, Basketball, Football, Handball, Hockey, Kho-Kho and Volleyball.)

5. Viva

6. Record File 

(a) Write benefits of Asanas, Swiss Ball and Plyometrics.

(b) Measure Resting Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate of ten members from family for neighbourhood for three weeks and show graphical representation of the data.

(c) Draw a neat diagram of the Field/Court of any one Game of choice. Write its History, Rules and Regulations, Terminologies and Important Tournaments.

















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